Are you planning to buy a computer? I’m sure you must be looking for an Intel processor, though some come with AMD chips, and the latest Macs come with an M1/M2 processor. However, in this post, we will look at different Intel naming schemes and how to select the suitable type for you.
The information given in this post will help you determine which Intel CPU processor you must go for and if it is worth spending money on the newer-generation Intel processor. You can buy the next computer with confidence since you can understand the jargon that manufacturers and retailers use.
The information provided in this guide can be applied to the AMD Ryzen processors, mainly information on how you can read the model numbers; however, generational numbers that we talk about differ.
Intel Naming Scheme – How are they Named?
Learning Intel’s naming scheme, at a glance, appears impossible. Compared to AMD, you will find more random numbers staple on each other. But, in reality, it is not bad.
Intel has many brands in the CPU selection, all made for various things and to name popular ones that you will encounter today:
- The core is at the mainstream desktop computer, whether gaming computers or workstations.
- Xeon includes the powerful CPUs in the market with unmatched core & thread counts, planned for heavy-duty workstations & servers.
- Pentium and budget-friendly CPUs are suited for casual computer users.
- Celeron and entry-level solutions are perfect for people on a tight budget.
- Atom and power-efficient CPU processors are best for mobile devices with minimal battery life.
Besides these listed five, Intel is selling Movidius VPUs & Quark microcontrollers. They had many other brands before that have been retired.
Intel Core Generation i3, i5 and i7
We can distinguish Intel processors as per the overall performance and costing. When we look at the Intel Core brand models, you can find they are available in four categories:
Intel Core i3 processors provide a fantastic mix of performance and price. Though not the best for colossal multi-tasking and challenging tasks like editing videos, they provide noticeable performance from the Pentium processors without spending more; you can find them on laptops.
Intel Core i5 processors also are the best choice for a computer to perform plenty of tasks at one time and delve into video and photo editing work. They do not cost much as Core i7 processors, but they provide performance that is not very far off. It is the specification we suggest to many people and can get in the laptop.
Intel Core i7 processor is one step up from Core i5, with extra performance to make the challenging tasks quicker and easier. You pay a premium for that and suppose you do not have any specific need for the speed, then you might not have to pay any extra.
Intel Core i9 chips will be reserved for the specialist computers working on challenging tasks, generally editing big videos. These will be overkill for many people, though if you get a chance to use just one surely, you will notice its scintillating speed.
The naming convention of the Intel Xeon CPU is a bit different from Intel Core processors. Intel Core I-series come with i3, i5, i7 & i9 but Intel Xeon processors come with E, E3, E5 & E7.
- Intel Xeon E comes as the Quad-Core or Hexa-Core.
- Intel Xeon E3 is a Quad-Core processor having four cores.
- Intel Xeon E5 comes in 4 – 22 Cores and has cores from 4 – 22.
- Intel Xeon E7 will have 8 – 24 Cores.
All of these mentioned Intel Processors have high processing with better clock speeds. They will run demanding tasks for a longer duration of time.
The final piece of a puzzle is a letter at its end. To understand it briefly, this is tacked on CPU name and signifies a specific function.
The standard processor will not have any letter at all;
- “K” will mean that processor’s clock speed is higher than usual
- “G” indicates in-built graphics processor (onboard GPU)
- “T” indicates shallow power consumption
- “F” in 11700F means the model needs a discrete graphics card to run correctly because of the higher performance of a chip
There’re more models, letters, and numbers; these are pretty common. You may look up others on Intel’s website to learn more about the chipset. Understanding the CPU letters is critical to learning about the Intel naming scheme.
You can find more information about the Intel CPU letters in the below video:
Model or SKU Number
Intel Processors 9th Gen
This model or SKU number generally includes three digits, and it’s the generic number that does not say anything about the CPU’s specifications and capabilities; it indicates the position in a hierarchy in the generation that which it belongs.
For instance, you have got i3-10100, i5-10600, i7-10700, and i9-10900. Every CPU is more powerful than its last. So, models with the higher numbers pack have the higher processing power and might have access to some essential features missing from their cheaper alternatives.
But, these numbers do not necessarily mean anything if you are comparing the processors over many different generations. That means the cheapest i3 model that came this year can outperform what was at the top-of-line i7 processor many years before.
Intel Core Processor
The Intel Core processors Generation indicates quality, performance and speed. The newest generation of processors will be faster and perform better than previous generation Core Processors.
For example – Intel i7-9700K will be 6 per cent faster than its previous generation of Intel Core i7-8700K. It means you must look for the latest generation processor while buying the new computer. However, how will you do that?
If buy a computer online, you can find the generation mentioned in the Specifications sheet. Suppose you do not find any generation then you will find this in another way mentioned here.
Each Intel Core processor comes with four numbers, as mentioned earlier. First Digit in a four-number sequence will represent the Generation of an Intel Processor.
By the time you read this guide, the Intel naming scheme would have changed and Intel introduced different indicators and readings. It is recommended to check the official website to get the up-to-date details.
What is F and K in Intel Processors?
The ‘K’ letter indicates that the Intel process is unlocked. So, it supports overclocking to a certain speed than the standard speed. It will be helpful in certain cases like playing games or using the higher CPU needed software. Also, they support integrated graphics.
The ‘F’ letter denotes that the CPU doesn’t support integrated GPU. Your PC should have a dedicated display card with these types of processors.
What is the difference between K and KF?
The ‘KF’ letter indicates the CPU is the combination of the K & F. The Intel KF denotes it is unlocked for overclocking but lacks the integrated graphics processor.
Read Also: How to check the CPU cache in Windows OS