Fedora 15 is the latest Linux release with new features including GNOME 3 shell. GNOME 3 gives totally different desktop experience . As I said in my earlier post, VirtualBox 4.0.8 supports GNOME 3 shell nicely inside virtual machine after VirtualBox guest additions installed properly. With the help of desktop virtualization software, this guide shows how to install Fedora 15 on VirtualBox and install working VirtualBox guest additions.
I’m not covering anything about GNOME 3 in Fedora 15 with VirtualBox here, but this post can be part of it, since it requires proper virtualbox guest additions installation.
First install the OS to virtual hard disk inside virtualbox, to do it follow the steps.
Install Fedora 15 on VirtualBox
1) Download the proper release for your computer processor type ( 32bit or 64bit) – More information available here.
2) Create a new virtual machine and select OS type as Fedora. Set the memory and hard disk size more than recommended size. Make sure to enable the 3D support under Display settings of virtual machine.
Other settings are very normal. Mount the downloaded Fedora 15 ISO file to CD Drive and power on the virtual machine.
3) By default it will boot from CD and start working as live Operating System from CD. We need to install the OS permanently to hard disk. Go to Applications –> System Tools –>Install to Hard Drive.
This will start the installation to local (virtual) disk. You can go with default selections and create the partition (Installation steps are very easy).
4) Once installation completed, remove the ISO file from CD drive and reboot the machine. Now you should have the working Fedora 15 from local hard disk in VirtualBox. You may get a GNOME error initially, its OK. GNOME will not work without VirtualBox guest additions and hardware acceleration support for display.
Steps to Install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Fedora 15
VirtualBox 4.0.8 guest additions support Fedora 15 properly, but the installation is not straight forward. There is a guide available in Fedora website about installing VB additions on Fedora virtual machine which is mentioned here, but it did not work for me ( I guess for you too).
Therefore, I have to follow the same steps which I explained earlier for Fedora 14. The original guide is available here, anyhow I’m repeating the same steps again.
1) Make sure the network of virtual machine is configured properly and its getting internet with downloads access.
2) Open Terminal ( Applications –> System Tools –> Terminal) and log in as root ( Type su and password). Run the following command.
yum -y update kernel
3) Once the above command completed successfully, run the below one,
yum -y install kernel-devel kernel-headers dkms gcc gcc-c++
Restart the machine after the completion.
4) Now, go to Devices in Virtualbox console menu and select ‘Install Guest Additions’ to mount the built-in ISO file.
5) In terminal, go inside mounted drive ( cd /Media/VBOXADD……) and run the following command with root access ( Type su and password)
Restart again and get the working VirtualBox guest additions in Fedora 15.
6) Auto resize adjustment, more screen resolution sizes, full screen view, seamless mode and shared folders started working now.
7) VirtualBox Shared folders with Windows XP host in Fedora 15 works as explained in my earlier guide.
Please make sure these all commands are case sensitive and you should type the folder names properly. Here is the C drive of my host Windows XP which can be accessed in Fedora 15 guest virtual machine.
As expected GNOME 3 shell is working inside this virtual machine after the guest additions installation. I will explain that procedure later.
I hope this guide is informative in installing Fedora 15 in VirtualBox hard disk and VB guest additions. Please leave a comment if it works or not.